After the Treaty of Versailles, which concluded the Franco Prussian War in 1871, France had been forced to accept numerous humiliating conditions. The infamous Picquart file, about which so much was said, was never more than a Billot file, a file made by a subordinate for his minister, a file which must still exist within the Ministry of War. From that point on, his responsibility only grew, he took on the crimes of others, he became as guilty as they, if not more so, for he was in a position to bring about justice and did nothing. You appear radiant in the apotheosis of this patriotic festival that the Russian alliance was for France, and you prepare to preside over the solemn triumph of our World Fair, which will crown our great century of work, truth and freedom. The same goes for Lt. You can write a book review and share your experiences. We are told of the honor of the army; we are supposed to love and respect it. His nefarious role, from the beginning of the case, could not have been known to Zola at the time of “J’accuse…!” (see last note). Dreyfus.  A man of honor, as he had been all his life, he believed that the truth would speak for itself, especially since it appeared to him plain as day. But feelings were running high, for the conviction of Esterhazy would inevitably lead to a retrial of Dreyfus, an eventuality that the General Staff wanted at all cost to avoid. Some trivial note, maybe, about some easy women, wherein a certain D... was becoming too insistent, no doubt some demanding husband who felt he wasn’t getting a good enough price for the use of his wife. She would regularly bring papers picked out of trash cans to other French agents. "J'Accuse!" Commander Du Paty de Clam arrests Dreyfus, in secret. As for myself, I have not despaired in the least, of the triumph of right. See, for instance, his article “Pour les Juifs,” published in Le Figaro in May 1896. While protecting the privacy of her children, the young woman tirelessly worked for her husband’s retrial. One concerned Madagascar, another one the plan for covering troops; but three listed items solely related to artillery: “the provisional Firing Manual for Field Artillery, a note on the modification of the artillery formations and a note on the hydraulic recoil brake for the canon of 120,” a highly classified leak which the Chiefs of Staff erroneously thought could not come from anywhere but the General Staff itself and, furthermore, from an artillery specialist. For almost two months we have been following this nasty business hour by hour. I say this is yet another crime, and this crime will stir consciences everywhere. A crime! Éditeur classique ... Tu viens jouer ou tu passes ton tour? Thus searching the house, examining writings, it was like a family matter, a traitor to be surprised in the same offices, in order to expel him. J’accuse. "I ACCUSE" - English translation of an open letter by Émile Zola to the French President, Sources gathered by Christopher Newport - Libguides (1894-1906) Dreyfus Affair: J'accuse! Had a traitor opened the border to the enemy and driven the German Emperor straight to Notre-Dame the measures of secrecy and silence could not have been more stringent. Scheurer-Kestner, in the fall of 1897, tried in vain to convince President Faure, Premier Jules Méline, Minister of Justice Darlan and Minister of War General Billot (who already knew the truth).  And now the image of France is sullied by this filth, and History shall record that it was under your presidency that this crime against society was committed.  In 1894, the handwriting expert from the Banque de France Alfred Gobert had concluded that, in his opinion, anyone could have been the author of the bordereau attributed to Dreyfus. And one even saw, for Major Picquart, this wretched thing: a French court, after having let the rapporteur charge a witness publicly, to show it of all the faults, made the closed door, when this witness was introduced to be explained and defend himself. Bonjour à tous. Colonel du Paty de Clam, who was at the time a mere Major.  The Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871, unwisely started by Emperor Napoleon III, and concluded by a hastily established new Republican regime, ended with a defeat and a humiliating treaty (see also note 21). But what filth this wretched Dreyfus affair has cast on your name, or, might I say, your reign.  A year earlier, President Faure had granted an interview to Zola who was then actively involved in obtaining the Légion of Honor for his friend, publisher Georges Charpentier. J'Accuse, by Friedrich Adler : 15 " Revolutionary Socialism, by Louis C . Fraina : 60 " ... which they may be stored, may contain "Defects," such as, but not limited to, incomplete, inaccurate or corrupt data, transcription errors, a copyright or other intellectual property infringement, a defective or damaged disk or … Translate J'accuse in English online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge. I realize that you have no power over this case, that you are limited by the Constitution and your entourage. He learned about Dreyfus’ military degradation, in January 1895, during a dinner at the Daudets’: their son Léon had witnessed it and described what had happened. Gonse was instrumental in dismissing Lt. I accuse General de Pellieux and Major Ravary of conducting a fraudulent inquiry, by which I mean a monstrously biased one, as attested by the latter in a report that is an imperishable monument to naïve insolence. But, while this was excavated on the side, it ignored serious events among the High Command. In the few interviews he gave, he admitted that he had passed confidential documents to the Germans, but tried to present himself as a triple agent. I accuse General Billot of having held in his hands the unquestionable evidence of Dreyfus's innocence and of suppressing it, guilty of this crime that injures humanity and justice, with a political aim and to save the compromised Chie of High Command. We seek to achieve justice for Jews and Israel in the public sphere by competing in the … Transcription of report by Dr. Defos du Rau on health of Dreyfus, Oct. 28, 1894 1 6 Handwritten letter from F. Gribelin to Forzinetti, [ Oct. 1894] 1 7 Certified copy of letter from Auguste Mercier to Gen. Saussier, Dec. 12, 1894 (certified by S. Tisseyre) 1 8 Handwritten letter signed "Michel" to Gen. Saussier, Dec. 13, 1894, with transcription 1 9 Bertillon, Alphonse. Colonel Picquart and Lt. I accuse the three handwriting experts, sirs Belhomme, Varinard and Couard, of submitting untrue and fraudulent reports, unless a medical examination declares them to be affected by a disease of sight and judgment. Inspired by Flaubert, he advocated a scientific and realistic approach to plot and character development. A crime! That a man could be condemned for this act, is a wonder of iniquity. It is a lie! A council of war, under order, has just dared to acquit Esterhazy, a great blow to all truth, all justice. And it is finished, France has this stain on her cheek, History will write that it was under your presidency that such a social crime could be committed. In the following days, a petition was signed by many concerned intellectuals, French luminaries in the sciences, literature and the arts, incensed by such a travesty of justice. Demandes de transcription; ... J'accuse ! And these people sleep at night, and they have women and children whom they love! Meanwhile, in Paris, truth was marching on, inevitably, and we know how the long-awaited storm broke. General Billot influenced the judges by his declaration, and they judged as they must under fire, without reasoning. 1893). J’Accuse Misanthropic Boomer On January 13,1898, Emile Zola’s open letter to Felix Faure, President of the French Republic was published on the front page of the Paris daily, L’Aurore. Letter to Mr. Félix Faure,  General Charles Le Mouton de Boisdeffre (1839-1919). He thus submitted his suspicions to his seniors in rank, General Gonse, then General De Boisdeffre, then General Billot, who had succeeded General Mercier as the Minister of War. Human Rights in the 21st Century April 19, 2009. Three years have passed, many consciences remain profoundly troubled, become anxious, investigate, and wind up convinced that Dreyfus is innocent. General Billot directed the judges in his preliminary remarks, and they proceeded to judgment as they would to battle, unquestioningly. He appealed the judgment but, in July, the verdict was reconfirmed with a one-year jail term and a very stiff financial penalty. I accuse the offices of the war of carrying out an abominable press campaign, particularly in the Flash and the Echo of Paris, to mislead the public and cover their fault. C’est en tant que victime qu’elle s’est exprimée le 24 janvier au tribunal … There is no punishment too severe, it will applaud public degradation, it will want the culprit to remain on his rock of infamy, devoured by remorse. This must have led to a brief moment of psychological anguish. A 'J'accuse' (Damien Saez elöadásában) forditása Francia->Angol. It is he who imagined dictating the Dreyfus memo; it is he who dreamed to study it in an entirely hidden way, under ice; it is him whom commander Forzinetti describes to us as armed with a dark lantern, wanting to approach the sleeping defendant, to flood his face abruptly with light and to thus surprise his crime, in the agitation of being roused. » en raison de l'anaphore qui le ponctue, c'est un véritable réquisitoire contre l'armée française, accusée de falsification et d'antisémitisme. You can complete the translation of [j 'accuse] given by the French-English Collins … It doesn't seem to me to be the case for J'Accuse, and I know it's not the case with leftist newspapers in England or the U.S. But, at bottom, it all started with Major du Paty de Clam, who led them on, hypnotized them, for, as an adept of spiritualism and the occult, he could converse with spirits. I accuse Major Du Paty de Clam as the diabolic workman of the miscarriage of justice, without knowing, I have wanted to believe it, and of then defending his harmful work, for three years, by the guiltiest and most absurd of machinations. In making these accusations I am aware that I am making myself liable to articles 30 and 31 of the July 29 1881 law on the press making libel a punishable offense. It was initially, in the shadows, Major Du Paty de Clam who conspired all and conducted all. I say that this is another crime and that this crime will stir up universal conscience. No! » Nils MELZER. of Émile Zola (13 January 1898; French language transcription of L'Aurore article) Canadian Confederation The J’accuse Coalition for Justice is a think tank dedicated to combating antisemitism, anti-Zionism, and anti-Israel bias. His hand was betrayed by its absurd means. His work, Dreyfus's culpability, was in danger, and he surely wanted to defend his work. » par Emile Zola devant les membres du comité directeur de L'Aurore. Minister of War 1893-1894 in the Casimir-Périer’s cabinet and the two Dupuy’s cabinets (1894; 1894-1895). And it is for this trustful neutrality for which he is so cruelly punished.  General Jean-Baptiste Billot (1828-1907), Senator and Minister of War in the Freycinet’s (1882) and the Duclerc’s cabinets (1882-1883) as well as the current Méline’s cabinet (April 1895- June 1898). Léon Daudet was to become one of Zola’s most ardent opponents in the Dreyfus Case. My fiery protest is simply the cry of my very soul. His accidental death in 1914 was followed by a State funeral. One could not conceive of the experiments to which he subjected unhappy Dreyfus, the traps into which he wanted to make him fall, the insane investigations, monstrous imaginations, a whole torturing insanity.  It took Zola just two days to write his “Letter to the President of the Republic.” According to tradition, its catchy title, “J’accuse...!”, inspired by the conclusion, was coined by Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929), then political editor of L’Aurore. Rachael Denhollander est une avocate spécialisée dans les abus sexuels et les dynamiques institutionnelles liées à ceux-ci. I accuse General De Pellieux and commander Ravary of performing a rogue investigation, by which I mean an investigation of the most monstrous partiality, of which we have, in the report of the second, an imperishable monument of naive audacity. He boasted that he would confound him and make him confess all. While proclaiming these charges, I am not unaware of subjecting myself to articles 30 and 31 of the press law of July 29, 1881, which punishes the offense of slander. And he was the one that Major Forzinetti caught carrying a shuttered lantern that he planned to throw open on the accused man while he slept, hoping that, jolted awake by the sudden flash of light, Dreyfus would blurt out his guilt. My crow soft adds audio transcription to premium Word Online... Only joking. As with General Sandherr, his own prejudice, as well as General Sandherr’s during the preliminary investigation, played a fateful part in Dreyfus’ conviction in 1894. Picquart tried in vain to convince his superiors to admit the judicial error and grant Dreyfus a retrial. I am 15 years old. These, Mr. President, are the facts that explain how this miscarriage of justice came about; The evidence of Dreyfus’s character, his affluence, the lack of motive and his continued affirmation of innocence combine to show that he is the victim of the lurid imagination of Major du Paty de Clam, the religious circles surrounding him, and the “dirty Jew” obsession that is the scourge of our time.. He turns to Mrs. Dreyfus, terrorises her, says to her that, if she speaks, her husband is lost. This was the language that Mr. Scheurer-Kestner later used with General Billot as well, appealing to his patriotism to take charge of the case so that it would not degenerate into a public disaster. Hierarchically, that is impossible. Rescue had come, in the form of an anonymous letter warning of enemy actions, and a mysterious woman had even gone to the trouble one night of slipping him a paper, stolen from headquarters, that would save him. Colonel Picquart’s investigation. Doesn’t the overriding idea of discipline, which is the lifeblood of these soldiers, itself undercut their capacity for fairness? Ah, yes, of course, an army that would rise to the first threat, that would defend French soil, that army is the nation itself, and for that army we have nothing but devotion and respect. It is a family lawsuit, one is there against oneself, and it is necessary to remember this: the High Command wanted the lawsuit, it was judged, and it has just judged it a second time. Ah!  Matthieu Dreyfus (1857-1930). And so, by all means imaginable, by press campaigns, by official communications, by influence, the War Office covered up for Esterhazy only to condemn Dreyfus once again. And how childish the language is, how groundless the accusation! in L'Aurore, Jan. 3, 1898 [removed to oversize folder] 45: Portrait photograph of Emile Zola, inscribed : 46: … Ridiculed by the anti-Dreyfusists as senile (when he was actually gravely ill from cancer), Scheurer-Kestner was soon voted out of office and retired from public life. We are horrified by the terrible light the Dreyfus affair has cast upon it all, this human sacrifice of an unfortunate man, a “dirty Jew.” Ah, what a cesspool of folly and foolishness, what preposterous fantasies, what corrupt police tactics, what inquisitorial, tyrannical practices! (2) lit. Bataclan - 22.12.2016. Directed by Abel Gance. J’accuse. Zola and J’Accuse: The Affair at Fever Pitch, 1898-1899 : Box: Folder: 1: 44: Zola, Emile. Also the offices, by all conceivable means, by press campaigns, by communications, by influences, protected Esterhazy only to convict Dreyfus a second time. I can feel Mr. Scheurer-Kestner’s soul withering and I believe that one day he will even feel sorry for having failed, when questioned by the Senate, to spill all and lay out the whole mess.  Lt. It is a crime to lie to the public, to twist public opinion to insane lengths in the service of the vilest death-dealing machinations. Following “J’accuse,” Senator Ludovic Trarieux (1840-1904), who had been Minister of Justice in the Ribot Cabinet (1895), founded the Ligue francaise pour la Défense des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen, with Director of the Pasteur Institute Edouard Grimaux (1835-1900) and Francis de Pressencé (1853-1914). If I insist, it is that the kernel is here, from whence the true crime will later emerge, the terrible denial of justice from which France is sick. He began his literary career as a journalist writing theater and art criticism while working on short stories. There are two victims, two good people, two simple hearts, who waited for God while the devil acted. But no! Clemenceau advised Zola to leave the country in order to avoid being served notification of the sentence while continuing the fight. Colonel Picquart came into possession of a telegram addressed to Major Esterhazy by an agent of a foreign power. I am being brief, for this is but the abridged version of a story whose sordid pages will some day be written out in full. Colonel du Paty de Clam, one with his face visible, the other masked. Ten days after the verdict which caused a public uproar, a new, more progressive cabinet, with Premier Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau and President Émile Loubet (1838-1929), nullified that judgment and pardoned Capt. Major Picquart had fulfilled his duty as an honest man. Dare to tell the truth, as I have pledged to tell it, in full, since the normal channels of justice have failed to do so. What sweeping changes should the republican government should give to this [Jesuitery], as General Billot himself calls it! You are radiant in the patriotic glory of our country’s alliance with Russia, you are about to preside over the solemn triumph of our World Fair, the jewel that crowns this great century of Labor, Truth, and Liberty. Tourne* - in the Source Text, tourne, or turn, has an underlying connotation, usually used in idioms like "tourner la veste" or "change your vest," meaning that betrayal is a defect of men in that as soon as the … That famous much discussed Picquart file was none other than the Billot file, by which I mean the file created by a subordinate for his minister, which can still probably be found at the War Office. I abbreviate, because it is not here that a summary of the history's extensive pages will one day be written out in full. What petty whims of a few higher-ups trampling the nation under their boots, ramming back down their throats the people’s cries for truth and justice, with the travesty of state security as a pretext. Must have petrol in the car. But now we see Dreyfus appearing before the court martial. There must have been a minute full of psychological anguish. Imperial Germany went to war in 1914 and was castigated by Richard Grelling, a German-Jewish pacifist, in J'Accuse (1915). 1 - Complaint and related documents Filed & Entered: 9/30/2016. It is a crime to poison the small and the humble, to exasperate passions of reaction and intolerance, while taking shelter behind the odious antisemitism, from which, if not cured, the great liberal France of humans rights will die. On July 18, 1898, Zola left secretly for England, where he lived incognito until his return on June 3, 1899. This translation has moved. Mr. Mathieu Dreyfus denounced Major Esterhazy as the real author of the bordereau just as Mr. Scheurer-Kestner was handing over to the Minister of Justice a request for the revision of the trial. He had engaged, he was compromised. Colonel Picquart was sent away on official duty. During this time, the unhappy one tore his flesh, howled his innocence. He insisted to his superiors, in the name of justice. You mock them, you reject them all at once You sweep them away with a flick of your wrist My memories, my history Regardless, you bury my past Tomorrow you'll say "Why didn't I see the traps?" And I cannot help but find Major Paty de Clam here, considering his fertile imagination. I accuse Lt. Col. du Paty de Clam of being the diabolical creator of this miscarriage of justice-- unknowingly, I am willing to believe-- and of defending this sorry deed, over the last three years, by all manner of bizarre and evil machinations.  The word bordereau refers to a sort of memorandum, listing a series of attached documents that a mysterious traitor [Esterhazy] was peddling to Maximilian Von Schwartzkoppen, the German military attaché. I suspect the collapse which must take place in the heart of Mr. Scheurer-Kestner, and I believe well that he will end up feeling remorse for not having acted revolutionarily, the day of questioning at the Senate, by releasing all the package, [for all to throw to bottom]. He was not in disgrace, indeed: General Gonse even maintained a friendly correspondence with him. And I need hardly say that that what one seeks, one will find. And it is to you, Mr. President, that I shall proclaim this truth, with all the revulsion that an honest man can summon. As Sandherr’s deputy, Picquart had attended Dreyfus’ trial and public degradation in 1894 and was, like many others, convinced at the time that justice had been done. ; Published January 13, 1898 on the front page of the Paris daily, L'Aurore.This text was written by Émile Zola, an influential … When used in the International Phonetic Alphabet for the y sound, it may be called yod or jod (pronounced / ˈ j ɒ d / or / ˈ j … One trembles in face of the terrible day that there has just thrown the Dreyfus affair, this human sacrifice of an unfortunate, a "dirty Jew"! Their excuse, I repeat, is that the supreme chief had spoken, declaring the previous judgment incontrovertible, holy and above mere mortals. My ignited protest is nothing more than the cry of my heart. I defy decent men to read it without a stir of indignation in their hearts and a cry of revulsion, at the thought of the undeserved punishment being meted out there on Devil’s Island. I said it before and I repeat it now: when truth is buried underground, it grows and it builds up so much force that the day it explodes it blasts everything with it. But, unable to substantiate his allegations because of the secrecy requested by his source Leblois, he failed to raise the interest of his peers. This truth, this justice, that we so passionately wanted, what a distress to see them thus souffletées, more ignored and more darkened! J’accuse saint Augustin l’écrivain que j’aime beaucoup ! In March 1896, Lt. Col. Georges Picquart, then Head of Military Intelligence, uncovered evidence indicating that an infantry officer, Maj. Marie-Charles Walsin-Esterhazy (1847-1923), was actually the traitor. I accuse General Mercier of complicity, at least by mental weakness, in one of the greatest inequities of the century. Au mégaphone dans l'assemblée. And now we come to the Esterhazy case. Transcription : Keïko Toute la chanson se joue en Power Chords (pratiquement que des accords 5 ème) pour la même raison que d’habitude, ça sonne lourd. No punishment could be too harsh. Ah, that first trial! J'accuse definition: any strong denunciation | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Qu’importe les appellations des cités, il est le fils de Tamazgha l’Afrique du Nord. One might just as well say that he was the forger, that he manufactured the carte-télegramme to convict Esterhazy. No one would ever believe the experiments to which he subjected the unfortunate Dreyfus, the traps he set for him, the wild investigations, the monstrous fantasies, the whole demented torture. . In 1901, Alfred Dreyfus published their almost daily inspirational correspondence (Cinq années de ma vie).
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